What is menstrual cycle? So, picture this: you’re a uterus, and you’re feeling all sorts of things. Every month, you prepare yourself for the possibility of hosting a tiny little guest, a.k.a. a fertilized egg. You line your walls with blood vessels and nutrients, just in case.
But alas, the egg doesn’t come to visit, and you’re left with all this build-up. So, you shed your lining, and that’s what we call a period or menstrual cycle. The menstrual cycle is like a monthly party that your uterus throws, hoping that a fertilized egg will show up as the VIP guest. But if not, no big deal – your uterus will just clean up and start planning the next party.
But it isn’t this simple. From bloating to bleeding, cramps to fatigue, there are a lot of uninvited guests that come to this party. Let’s discuss some of them and what causes them.
Cramps – Menstrual cramps are caused by the uterus contracting to shed its lining. This contraction is triggered by hormones called prostaglandins, which are released during the menstrual cycle. Prostaglandins cause the uterus to contract more strongly, leading to cramps.
Bloating – Hormonal changes during the menstrual cycle can cause water retention, leading to bloating. Progesterone, a hormone that is high during the second half of the menstrual cycle, can cause the body to retain water and sodium, leading to bloating.
Mood swings – Estrogen and progesterone levels rise and fall throughout the menstrual cycle, which can affect the levels of neurotransmitters in the brain that regulate mood. This can lead to mood swings.
Fatigue – The hormonal changes and energy demands of menstruation can cause fatigue. During menstruation, the body is working hard to shed the lining of the uterus, which can lead to fatigue and low energy.
Headaches – Estrogen and progesterone levels can affect blood flow to the brain and trigger headaches.
Overall, the menstrual cycle is a complex process that involves a variety of hormonal changes and physical symptoms. While the symptoms can be uncomfortable, they are a normal part of the menstrual cycle and are often manageable with self-care. One thing that everyone should remember is to always use the best menstrual hygiene products. You can check out SOFY’s menstrual hygiene products and choose the best fit for yourself.